Is there any strategy to prevent heart attack and stroke?
There are numerous things individuals with diabetes can do to scale back their risk of heart attack or stroke. Follow the ABCDESSS* of risk reduction:
A = A1C. Most individuals should aim for an A1C of seven% or lower by keeping their blood sugars within the goal range.
B = Blood pressure. Individuals with diabetes should aim for a blood pressure of lower than 130/80 mm Hg.
C = Cholesterol. The goal for low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (the ‘bad’ cholesterol) is lower than 2.0 mmol/L.
D = Drugs to guard your heart. Some medications can be found that can assist reduce your risk of heart attack or stroke. Talk together with your diabetes healthcare team about what options could be best for you.
E = Exercise and eating. Regular physical activity and a healthy weight loss program can provide help to achieve and maintain a healthy body weight, which each help reduce your risk of heart attack and stroke.
S = Screening for complications. Individuals with diabetes must have numerous tests done at regular intervals, including tests for heart and kidney function, eye disease and foot health.
S = Smoking cessation. If you happen to smoke, attempt to quit. Smoking is a serious risk factor for each heart disease and stroke. Check with your healthcare team about quitting smoking; there are a lot of medications, smoking cessation aids and community resources available that could be best for you.