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Eggplant: Health Advantages of the Purple Superfood

Eggplants, also referred to as aubergine, brinjals, or baingan, are glossy purple fruits which might be often prepared and treated like vegetables. They’re spongy. It’s a standard ingredient in lots of cuisines, primarily Mediterranean ones. 

Historians claim that eggplants have been around since 50 BCE. Up to now, it mainly served as a decorative item quite than a food item. Travellers brought the plant’s seeds to America, where a British gardener planted them. The plant produced tiny, white, oval-shaped fruits that resembled chicken eggs, thus the name. 

Eggplants are available in an assortment of colors and shapes and supply quite a few health advantages. This text discusses every part there’s to learn about eggplants. 

Dietary Profile of Eggplant

With a high water content, eggplant is low in calories and fat. It comprises some fibre, protein, and carbohydrates as well. In comparison with the white and green types, the purple varieties generally show a better protein content. Significant concentrations of significant amino acids, including leucine, valine, lysine, and isoleucine, are also present in purple eggplant. 

A 100-gram serving of raw eggplant comprises the next nutrients.

  • Calories: 25 kcal
  • Water: 92.3 g
  • Protein: 0.98 g
  • Fibre: 3 g
  • Fat: 0.18 g
  • Carbohydrate: 5.88 g
  • Calcium: 9 mg
  • Iron: 0.23
  • Magnesium: 14 mg
  • Phosphorus: 24 mg
  • Potassium: 229 mg
  • Vitamin C: 2.2 mg
  • Vitamin K: 3.5 µg
  • Sodium: 2 mg
  • Folate: 22 µg

Potential Health Advantages of Eggplants

Helps in Weight Loss

Since eggplant is low in calories and high in fibre content, it is a superb addition to a weight-loss-friendly weight loss program. Fibre significantly aids weight reduction. Fibre promotes fullness and satiety by moving through the digestive tract slowly. It reduces calorie intake and helps to take care of a calorie deficit for weight reduction. Subsequently, eggplant is usually a healthy alternative to higher-calorie ingredients. 

Helps Treat Anaemia 

WHO estimated that 1.92 billion people globally suffer from anaemia. Patients who’ve anaemia suffer from headaches, fatigue, depression, migraines, weakness, and cognitive malfunction. Eggplants contain a good amount of copper and iron. Copper with iron assists in increasing the count of red blood cells. Eating foods which have iron will assist in managing anaemia.

Helps Fight Cancer

Eggplant is wealthy in antioxidants. Investigations show bioactive components in eggplants help prevent cancer. Chlorogenic acid is an antioxidant present in eggplants that’s antiviral and antibacterial and helps fight against cancer. Furthermore, solasodine rhamnosyl glycosides (SRGs) are a novel plant compound present in eggplants which have anti-cancer properties.

Supports Bone Health

Eggplants are wealthy in calcium and magnesium, each crucial for strong bones. Furthermore, it’s wealthy in vitamin K and copper, which prevents osteoporosis and strengthens bones. The collagen present on this vegetable also assists within the connective tissues and bone formation. 

Supports Heart Health

Eggplants may help lower the danger of heart disease due to their antioxidant content. By lowering triglyceride and LDL levels of cholesterol, eggplants enhance heart health. Nevertheless, nearly all of research now only involves tests on animals. More research is crucial to find out how eggplants could improve human heart health.


Based on their antioxidant content, eggplants may help lower heart disease. Moreover, eggplants are a high-fibre, low-calorie substitute for higher-calorie ingredients in recipes. This fibre in eggplant may also help reduce calorie intake by promoting satiety and fullness. As well as, eggplants are wealthy in antioxidants. It has chlorogenic acid, solasodine rhamnosyl glycosides (SRGs), etc., that prevent and fight against cancer cells. It also supports bone health and manages anaemia. 

Healthy Eggplant Recipes

It is straightforward to incorporate eggplant within the weight loss program or meal plans due to its incredible versatility. It tastes best when baked, roasted, grilled, or sautéed and is topped with a little bit of olive oil and seasoning. Listed here are a couple of easy recipes to try: 

Roasted Eggplant

Servings: 4

Preparation time: 5 minutes

Cooking time: 20 minutes


  • Eggplant: 1 whole (cut into ¾-inch cubes)
  • Olive oil: 2 tbsp
  • Salt: to taste 
  • Black pepper: ½ tsp

Approach to Preparation

  • Preheat the oven to 425°
  • Take a big bowl and toss cubed eggplant with oil, salt and pepper. 
  • Place cubed eggplants in a baking paper and bake for 20-25 minutes. Remember to flip the eggplants after quarter-hour. 
  • Serve immediately. 

Air-fryer Eggplant Fries

Servings: 6

Preparation time: quarter-hour

Cooking time: 10 minutes


  • Eggs: 2 large
  • Eggplant: 1 medium 
  • Chilli flakes: to taste
  • Cheese: 2 tbsp
  • Black pepper: to taste
  • Garlic salt: to taste 

Approach to Preparation

  • Preheat the air fryer to 375°
  • Whisk egg, mix cheese, and seasoning and keep it aside.
  • Cut eggplants into thick slices and dip in egg cheese mixture.
  • Within the greased tray, place the thickly sliced eggplants and cook for 5-7 minutes or until golden brown. 

Risks of Overconsumption

The advisable amount of eggplants per day is lower than 100 grams every day. One can get almost 7% to 10% of the every day fibre needs from one cup of eggplant. Overconsuming eggplants can have a couple of adversarial effects. Reminiscent of:

Kidney Stones

On account of its high oxalate content, eggplant ought to be consumed moderately by those who are suffering from kidney stones. The crystal formations of calcium oxalates are extremely painful and inflammatory.

Allergic Reactions

Allergic reactions are probably the most frequent adversarial effects of eggplant. Even though it is unusual, eating eggplant may induce anaphylaxis in certain people. Additional potential allergic reactions to eggplant include rashes or skin irritation, gastrointestinal pains, asthma, or trouble respiratory. 

Solanine Poisoning

Eggplants naturally contain a poison called solanine. Vomiting, nausea, and sleepiness are all signs of solanine toxicity that may end up from overconsumption. Nonetheless, to achieve potentially dangerous solanine levels, one would wish to devour greater than twelve whole eggplants (a minimum of!) in a single sitting. 

Iron Deficiency

Iron is certain to nasunin, a form of anthocyanin present in eggplant peels, which extracts iron from the cells. It might impair the body’s absorption of iron and end in a deficiency.


Overeating eggplants might end in solanine toxicity and allergies. The compound present in eggplant peels called nasunin, a form of anthocyanin, binds to iron and extracts it from the cells. It might lower iron absorption and end in an iron shortage within the body. Eggplants naturally contain a poison called solanine. Vomiting, nausea, and sleepiness are all signs of solanine toxicity that may end up from overeating. As well as, due to oxalates they contain, kidney stones can even develop. Though unusual, one other potential eggplant side effect is an allergic response. It’d trigger hives, rashes, skin irritation, anaphylaxis, swelling, and abdominal cramps. 

HealthifyMe Suggestion

In case you aren’t a fan of eggplants, as an alternative of cooking them individually, you possibly can mix eggplants with other foods to enhance their palatability. For instance, a non-vegetarian could add cubes of eggplant together with root veggies while cooking a chicken stew or add eggplants with mince in a tomato base as seen in a Shepherd’s Pie. A vegetarian could make a brinjal spiced mash (bharta) and pair it with pooris or stuffed parathas quite than plain rotis or rice.

The Final Word

It’s no secret that eggplants are a superb addition to almost any meal, and there are a lot of different varieties to select from. Eggplant’s high fibre content is a perfect technique to support gastrointestinal health because fibre is important to a balanced weight loss program. There are other possible health benefits as well. Nevertheless it’s also crucial to include a spread of veggies in your weight loss program to make sure you are getting a wide range of nutrients. 

Disclaimer: The aim of this text is simply to disperse knowledge and lift awareness. It doesn’t intend to switch medical advice from professionals. For further information, please contact our certified nutritionists Here.

Ceaselessly Asked Questions

Q. What’s the dietary content of eggplant?

A. Eggplant is a wealthy source of antioxidants. Wealthy in calcium, iron, potassium, phosphorus, magnesium, folate, and vitamin C. It provides several varieties of amino acids, resembling leucine, isoleucine, valine, tryptophan, arginine, histidine, lysine, etc.

Q. Can eggplant aid in weight management and weight reduction?

A. Absolutely, eggplants will be an excellent addition to your weight reduction weight loss program plan if consumed moderately. It’s high in fibre and phenolic compounds like antioxidants. In various studies, fibre and antioxidants show significant ends in fat reduction.

Q. How does eggplant contribute to heart health?

A. Various studies have demonstrated eggplant has cardioprotective properties. It reduces the danger of stroke, heart attack, CAD, etc. Furthermore, eggplants assist in increasing the red blood cells that deliver oxygenated blood throughout the body.

Q. Are there specific antioxidants in eggplant that provide health advantages?

A. Eggplants are wealthy in anthocyanins and phenolic compounds. The peel of eggplant is a wealthy source of antioxidants, including nasunin, lutein, and zeaxanthin. Furthermore, it offers vitamins A and C. These have tremendous health advantages, resembling fighting free radicals, supporting eye health, reducing inflammation, mental health improvements, etc.

Q. What’s the impact of eggplant on blood sugar levels and diabetes management?

A. Eggplants are wealthy in fibre. Fibre assists in lowering blood sugar levels by slowing the speed of digestion and absorption of glucose within the body. As well as, the glycemic index of eggplant is just 15 (below 55 is low GI). Subsequently, eggplants are a improbable option for patients with diabetes.

Q. Can eggplant be helpful for digestive health and gut function?

A. Actually, since eggplants are wealthy in fibre, they profit digestion and bowel regularity and improve gut health. Nonetheless, if you’ve a weak digestive system, it is suggested to avoid eggplant, as it could cause gas or bloating issues.

Q. How is eggplant utilized in traditional medicine and herbal remedies?

A. In Ayurveda, eggplant root has been used to treat diabetes and asthma since precedent days. Eggplant is a wealthy source of potassium and fibre that helps to treat several diseases.

Q. What are the potential advantages of eggplant for skin and hair health?

A. Healthy enzymes included in eggplants stimulate hair follicles, leading to the formation of healthy hair. Moreover, high in water content, aubergine aids in restoring and softening those dry hairs. To maintain your hair’s natural shine and gloss, wash it with eggplant juice.

Q. Can eggplant be a part of a vegetarian or vegan weight loss program for essential nutrients?

A. On a vegan weight loss program, eggplant is a pleasant dish to eat. It might even taste just like meat, depending on the way it is ready and seasoned. A number of the most delicious ways to devour eggplant are tofu with roasted eggplant, vegan eggplant meatballs, etc.

Q. How should eggplant be prepared and cooked to maximise its health advantages?

A. A few of the perfect ways to devour eggplant to maximise its health advantages include grilling, roasting, steaming, and braising. It’s best to avoid deep frying. 

Q. Are there any potential negative effects or risks related to eggplant consumption?

A. Although eggplants are good for health, it has a couple of potential negative effects. Having an excessive amount of eggplant may cause allergies, solanine poisoning, etc. Eggplants contain oxalates, which can result in kidney stone formation.

Q. What’s the role of eggplant in reducing inflammation and pain?

A. Eggplants contain anthocyanins, antioxidants that reduce inflammation and pain. Nonetheless, since every individual is different, for some, inflammation and pain might flare up, and for some, it’d decrease.

Q. Can eggplant help with brain health and cognitive function?

A. Eggplant is a wealthy source of phytonutrients that improve overall brain health and is well-known to extend cognitive ability. These phytonutrients reduce free radicals that cause disease and protect the brain from getting affected.

Q. How is eggplant utilized in various global cuisines and recipes for health advantages?

A. Eggplants are added in various cuisines, baked, grilled and sauteed. Brining the eggplant (soaking in salted water) can even make the flesh super creamy. It also helps cut the bitterness.

Research Sources

Data by the US Department of Agriculture on eggplant

Cardioprotective properties of raw and cooked eggplant (Solanum melongena L)

Eggplant fruits protect against DNA damage and mutations.

Effects of Dietary Fibre and Its Components on Metabolic Health

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