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Coccyx Pain: 9 Possible Causes and Relieve It

Do you suffer from lower back pain? Learn concerning the possible causes of coccyx pain and the possible treatments and measures to handle it.

Coccyx pain, also called coccygodynia, is pain that happens on the end of the spine, just where the buttocks begin. The intensity varies, although sometimes the discomfort increases when sitting or when adopting certain positions.



The causes are varied, including injuries and bad postures. It might require treatment with painkillers, but other times, it goes away by itself or by applying some home measures.

The prevalence of coccyx pain

The coccyx or coccyx is a bone composed of three or five fused vertebrae. It’s situated at the tip of the spine, at the bottom, and slightly below the sacrum.

It’s the weight-bearing bone when sitting, together with the lower a part of the pelvis. In adults, it tends to curve a little bit. When this happens in excess, it may well cause some problems.

Amongst such problems is coccyx pain, which can be known by other names akin to sacral bone pain, coccygeal pain, coccydynia, coccygodynia, or cocciaglia. In keeping with research, it accounts for about 1% of consultations for spinal complaints.

It’s more common in women. It’s thought that this difference could also be as a consequence of the situation of the feminine coccyx, which is more posterior or exposed.

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Associated symptoms

The pain within the coccyx normally presents as a continuing stabbing sensation within the bone. Other times, it’s felt when the world is touched or felt. It might radiate to the waist.

It’s normally worse with prolonged sitting or standing, an activity that puts more pressure on the bone, and sudden movement. Occasionally, there could also be pain during defecation or sexual activity. In women, it also causes discomfort during menstruation.

Other symptoms that will accompany it are the next:

  • The looks of bruising
  • The feeling of pressure or numbness within the buttocks
  • Reduced quality of rest
The situation of the coccyx causes its pain to affect the standard of life, because it bothers sitting and lying down.

Possible causes of pain within the coccyx

There are several causes that may result in the looks of pain within the sacral or coccygeal area. Amongst them are the next:

1. Injury or repeated trauma

In consequence of falling while sitting or receiving a blow to the waist area, we may suffer an injury or trauma that could cause pain within the coccyx. It needs to be clarified that fractures of this bone usually are not as frequent, but they still occur.

An extended recovery time could also be required.

2. Repetitive motion

Pain could also be as a consequence of performing an motion that generates constant pressure on the bone, akin to riding a horse or bicycle. Even when running or taking place and up stairs.

3. Bad movement or overexertion

One other situation related to the looks of coccyx pain is bad movement when bending down or overexertion when lifting something heavy.

4. Bad posture

Maintaining a foul body posture while sitting for a very long time, while working in front of the pc, or while driving, can be an element related to the occurrence of coccyx pain.

5. Pregnancy and childbirth

Within the last months of pregnancy, the bones of the lumbar area settle in another way. They develop into more flexible or mobile. Also, during delivery, the newborn’s head may injure some structures.

6. Obese or obesity

Maintaining a weight above that which is acceptable for the scale or a high body mass index (BMI), around 30, also increases the pressure on the coccyx.

7. Herniated disc

In some cases, coccyx pain often is the results of compensation, within the sense that the person changes the best way she or he sits or stands to avoid discomfort. This happens, for instance, when there’s a herniated disc within the lumbar region.

8. Degenerative joint processes

Processes akin to degenerative joint disease (DJD) affect the cartilage that lines the joints and bony structures. If this happens within the lumbosacral region, for instance, there could also be pain within the coccyx.

9. Other causes

Less commonly, coccyx pain could also be as a consequence of a tumor, a cyst, or pilonidal disease, which is an infection attributable to a buildup of hairs and dead cells under the skin.

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Treatments for coccyx pain

Coccyx pain may subside by itself inside a couple of days. Nevertheless, some develop into chronic and persist for weeks.

In these cases, the advice is to see a physician.

The health skilled will examine the world for signs of fractures, the presence of lumps, or signs of infection. He/she will even query the patient as as to if he/she has suffered any blows or what his/her habits are.

As a complementary measure, he/she may request diagnostic imaging tests. These may include X-rays, CT scans, or MRI scans.

Treatment will vary depending on the cause and severity of the symptoms. Several of the next options could also be combined:

  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, akin to ibuprofen, naproxen, and others, reduce pain and inflammation.
  • Injections of anesthetics and steroids could also be advisable when the pain may be very powerful.
  • Physiotherapy: this includes massages, chiropractic treatment, and transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, amongst others.

Surgery is typically performed to partially or totally remove the coccyx bone. Nevertheless, that is advisable only when other options haven’t worked. And although that is an operation that might be done easily, recovery can take several months.

Spinal chiropractic may also help control pain within the lower area; either within the coccyx or sacrum.

Other measures to cut back or prevent coccyx pain

Along with the treatments mentioned above, numerous recommendations might be taken under consideration to attenuate coccyx pain and even prevent it. Nevertheless, home remedies needs to be applied only when authorized by a physician and once the causes have been determined.

On this regard, the next options can be found:

  • Rest: strong physical activities that have an effect on the spine needs to be suspended.
  • Apply local ice to your lower back. Also, alternately, use heat with compresses.
  • When sitting, your body needs to be leaned forward a little bit, in order that the burden falls in your legs. For greater comfort, special sitting cushions needs to be used. When pain is present, the most effective sleeping position is on one side.
  • Constipation needs to be combated by drinking enough fluids and consuming fiber.
  • People who find themselves obese should attempt to shed extra pounds.
  • There are some appropriate exercises, akin to those done when there’s a herniated disc or low back pain, to stretch and strengthen the muscles of the lower back.

Should a physician be consulted for coccyx pain?

In certain cases, as already mentioned, coccyx pain decreases or disappears once we modify the activity or habits that caused it to seem. Nevertheless, we should always not be overconfident.

On this sense, it’s a great idea to go to the doctor when the discomfort persists or when it’s very intense. Also, you need to see a physician if other symptoms are present, akin to inflammation, redness, and the feeling of warmth within the skin of the world.

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