Home Diabetes Care Move Over Ozempic, Here Comes Mounjaro

Move Over Ozempic, Here Comes Mounjaro

Move Over Ozempic, Here Comes Mounjaro

Ozempic’s rise to mainstream fame could also be unprecedented for a diabetes drug — the medication provokes such powerful weight reduction that it has caused a frenzy each inside and outdoors of the diabetes community, resulting in widespread shortages. But Ozempic may soon be surpassed by a special drug that sparks even greater weight reduction: Mounjaro.

Tirzepatide (Mounjaro) was first approved last 12 months for patients with type 2 diabetes, and though it has comparatively flown under the radar, the drug appears to be much more powerful than Ozempic. It’s arguably probably the most effective type 2 diabetes drug ever developed, granting jaw-dropping blood sugar improvements in tandem with impressive weight reduction.

And though it has not yet been approved to be used as an obesity treatment, eager patients without diabetes are increasingly asking their doctors for access to the injection, as recently reported by The Recent York Times. Mounjaro may possibly be the following great fad in weight reduction medicine — and it’s already causing problems for the individuals with diabetes which have come to depend on it.

Mounjaro and Weight Loss

As earlier reported by our friends at diaTribe, many large clinical trials have shown that Mounjaro results in impressive weight reduction for patients with type 2 diabetes. In 4 arms of the pivotal SURPASS trials, each of which tested the drug in barely different populations, Mounjaro led to a median of 13.7 to 29 kilos of weight reduction.

The numbers are much more impressive in people without diabetes. Within the SURMOUNT trial, the drug helped adults lose 22.5% of their body weight in 72 weeks, a rare result on par with bariatric surgery. Some participants on the heaviest dose of Mounjaro lost over 50 kilos. Even at its lowest dosage, 5mg, patients lost a median of 35lb.

To place it simply, Mounjaro appears to be probably the most promising weight reduction drug ever invented. It is going to make billions of dollars. The obesity medicine world is currently waiting for the moment that tirzepatide wins FDA approval as an obesity treatment — after which its manufacturer, Eli Lilly, will likely release a second version of the drug with a brand new brand name. But many individuals without type 2 diabetes (and their doctors) haven’t any intention of waiting, and are eagerly using Mounjaro “off-label.”

Mounjaro’s Glucose-Management Advantages Are Unprecedented

With a lot hype for tirzepatide (Mounjaro) as a weight reduction medication, it’s easy to forget that the medication was originally designed to treat hyperglycemia in type 2 diabetes, a job it does extremely well.

Within the SURPASS-1 Trial, which tested the brand new pharmaceutical for 40 weeks in nearly 500 patients with type 2 diabetes, participants experienced the next results:

  • A1C. Patients who began the trial with a median A1C of seven.9 percent enjoyed A1C reductions of 1.9 to 2.1 percent. At the tip of the trial, a robust majority of patients (81-86 percent) saw their A1C fall to below 6.5 percent, outside of the diabetic range. About half of those that used the very best dosage saw their A1C fall to lower than 5.7 percent, completely out of the pre-diabetes range.
  • Fasting Blood Sugar.The typical fasting blood sugar of patients declined by 44-49 mg/dL!
  • Weight reduction. Participants lost a median of 15 kilos (on the 5mg dosage) to 21 kilos (on the 15mg dosage).
  • Cholesterol. Triglycerides and LDL cholesterol each went significantly down; HDL (“good cholesterol”) went significantly up.

Other trials had similar leads to barely different populations: astounding blood sugar improvements and weight reduction, and other health advantages besides. These numbers easily surpass the results observed in other diabetes medications already available on the market, corresponding to metformin or sulfonylureas.

Mounjaro even outperformed every day injections of insulin, widely considered probably the most powerful glucose-lowering treatment, in two trials. Not only did Mounjaro users enjoy superior blood sugar improvements to insulin users, in addition they had a significantly reduced risk of hypoglycemia. (Mounjaro also works well when used with insulin.)

How Does Mounjaro Work?

Mounjaro is expounded to the category of medicine often known as GLP-1 receptor agonists, which incorporates semaglutide (Ozempic, Wegovy, Rybelsus), liraglutide (Victoza), and dulaglutide (Trulicity).

GLP-1 receptor agonists work for patients with type 2 diabetes by mimicking the consequences of the hormone GLP-1, which is released by the intestine during meals. GLP-1 does a wide range of things: It tells the liver to release less glucose, it slows digestion, and it provokes the sensation of fullness or satiety. Put all of it together, and when patients with diabetes take the drug it reduces blood glucose levels while also helping them eat less.

But Mounjaro just isn’t only a GLP-1 receptor agonist; strictly speaking, it’s a dual GIP/GLP-1 receptor agonist. The medication moreover mimics one other hormone, glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP), which primarily stimulates insulin production. Combining the activity of each hormones appears to be especially effective, unlocking a synergistic effect.

Cost and Availability

Mounjaro, unsurprisingly, is sort of pricey. As of this writing, the sticker price is about $1,000 per 30 days in america. The fee is prone to remain high for the foreseeable future.

Insurance coverage for Mounjaro could be somewhat spotty even for individuals with type 2 diabetes: The drug is so latest that experts don’t yet know if it has the identical positive effects on cardiovascular and kidney outcomes as Ozempic and other GLP-1 receptor agonists. Those critical long-term advantages have helped vault newer diabetes drugs to the forefront of treatment.

It is going to be even longer before insurance firms cover tirzepatide as a treatment for obesity. Even when the FDA promptly approves the drug as an obesity medicine, insurers may drag their feet before agreeing to pay the very hefty fees. Obesity drugs do not need an excellent track record, and payers could also be skeptical. The unlucky consequence is that Mounjaro, like Ozempic before it, is becoming a drug of the rich.

Side Effects

Ozempic has developed a popularity for nasty unwanted side effects. There’s little reason to think that Mounjaro is way different — if anything, the more powerful drug can have even stronger unwanted side effects.

Pivotal trials of tirzepatide have shown that as much as 33 percent of participants experienced some nausea, and on the upper doses 6–7 percent needed to stop taking the drug attributable to such issues. For some patients, the discomfort could also be a price price paying, but others will probably be forced to discontinue the drug, or no less than dial their dosage back to a lower level.

Mounjaro can also be prone to create many cases of so-called “Ozempic face,” a phenomenon through which people lose a lot weight that in addition they lose healthy-looking fat from their faces, leading to a saggy, aged appearance. Ozempic face is solely brought on by weight reduction, and is a purely cosmetic issue, though some users may appreciate a warning that not all weight reduction improves appearance.

Mounjaro also has just a few rare contraindications: It been found to cause tumors within the thyroids of rats, and regulators are recommending that folks with a family history of thyroid cancer or multiple endocrine neoplasia syndrome type 2 don’t use it. It might be inappropriate for patients with pancreatitis.

A Few Details

Though it could sound like a miracle drug, tirzepatide (Mounjaro) just isn’t intended to switch an important therapies for obesity and kind 2 diabetes: weight loss program and exercise. Mounjaro, like Ozempic, probably must be taken without end with a view to preserve its advantages. Many members of the diabetes community are wary of taking such a strong drug for a complete lifetime.

Mounjaro just isn’t a pill; it’s self-administered by injection once per week. It is going to are available the shape of an auto-injector pen, much like an insulin pen, that doesn’t require patients to attract up the drugs themselves. Lilly markets six different dosages, from 2.5mg as much as 15mg. Recent patients are advisable to start with a starter dose of two.5mg and step by step work as much as larger amounts over a period of months. As patients increase their dosage, they often experience latest bouts of gastrointestinal unwanted side effects.

Mounjaro just isn’t intended for patients with type 1 diabetes, but there’s some hope that it could help the condition. GLP-1 receptor agonists seem like effective for patients with T1D (when used along with insulin), and a few doctors prescribe them off-label. It is going to be years before Lilly receives full approval for that use, if indeed it ever happens.

Mounjaro has not yet been thoroughly evaluated in teenagers or children.


Semaglutide (Ozempic) has taken the world of obesity medicine by storm. Tirzepatide (Mounjaro) causes even greater weight reduction, and should soon grow to be the buzzy diabetes drug that folks can’t get enough of. Mounjaro has flown somewhat under the radar until now, but demand from people without diabetes has already helped cause shortages of the drug, and now some individuals with type 2 diabetes are having a difficult time finding the drug that they’ve been prescribed.

Mounjaro may possibly be probably the most powerful diabetes drug ever invented. It’s one other blockbuster within the making.


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